United Kingdom (UK) Travel Guide
England, Scotland and Wales – Britain is a land of infinite variety, a rich tapestry of interwoven heritage, culture and landscape offering unique opportunities for meetings and incentive programs. Air service to Britain is second to none with flights from most international gateways to major UK cities. The domestic transport network is easy to navigate, accessible and value for money.
London, one of the most exciting cities in the world, is the e-commerce capital of Europe and has an economy that is greater in size than that of several European nations. It is a center of international trade and home to the European headquarters of 33% of the world’s largest companies. London Heathrow is just 15 minutes from the center of London via the Heathrow Express rail link.
Scotland is a modern advanced country with deep cultural roots that innovates and inspires – from rugged castles and historic palaces to contemporary design and cutting edge technology.
Wales is one of Europe’s fastest growing business regions. Enjoy more castles per square mile than anywhere else in the Europe and over 200 golf courses with not one under par! Wales will host golf’s greatest team event, the Ryder Cup, in 2010.
London is the largest city of Europe and has a population of just less than eight million. Being the capital of UK, you would be surprised to know that around two hundred languages are spoken within its confines and more than 25% of people living there are first, second, and third-generation immigrants. Being the most visited city in and around Europe, there is always a bustle of activity around the city and sometimes it seems crowded and more trafficked than expected. The tourists enjoy the time greatly from the city’s quiet Georgian squares, the narrow alleyways, the riverside walks, and the quirks of what is still identifiably a collection of villages. Shopping in London is expensive but at the same time is very much exciting, for, it offer world class products and the most advanced technology based services that are seen hardly anywhere else.
Aberdeen is the third largest city in Scotland next to Glasgow and Edinburgh. The word, “Aberdeen” comes from Scottish Gaelic: “Obar Dheathain”. Aberdeen is the chief seaport in the north-east of Scotland and is often called “Oil Capital of Europe” due to the immense supply of crude oil from the North Sea, thereby achieving the status of Offshore Capital of Europe. Archibald Simpson, a native architect designed major part of the city with granite found in abundance locally. Aberdeen still retains this architecture style of Archibald Simpson and is often referred to as “The Granite City” (nearly all the buildings in the centre are made of the grey, occasionally sparkling material), which has been famous for its outstanding parks, gardens and floral displays.
Bristol is the largest city in the south of England after London and is also the largest shipping port in the country. The River Avon and floating harbours carve the centre of the city up into various parts. Bristol is one of Britain’s most progressive cities mainly due to the vivacity of its youth culture. Blessed with a flourishing economy, the city of Bristol is sustained by the thriving British Aerospace industry, Rolls-Royce and its ship-building industry. This prosperity is linked to the commercial Port of Bristol, which originated in the city centre. The Maritime Heritage Centre is also a magnificent manifestation of the city’s glory and affluence.
Cambridge is not a very big town but it is home to the second-oldest university in England. Twenty percent of the population comprised of students coming from all over the country and as from all over the world. Cambridge is a very scenic town, the River Cam runs through the centre of Cambridge boosting the business setups around that place which is the favourite spot for some old-fashioned punting (a betting game played on the banks of the river). The administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, Cambridge is also made famous by the University of Cambridge which has attracted students for almost 800 years. The University includes the renowned Cavendish Laboratory, the King’s College chapel, and the Cambridge University Library.
Just over 200 miles West of London, Cardiff sits facing the Bristol Channel as the capital of Wales, in the newly created (1974) administrative county of South Glamorgan, along with the Vale of Glamorgan. Cardiff stretches a total of 140 square kilometers, and can be found on a map at 51 29N, 31 11 W. The port is known as Tiger Bay, and has recently been revitalized by the rebuilding of the Cardiff Barrage. The city center is found on the North bank of the river Taff, and most attractions are easily found within walking distance of the city center. The Cardiff International Airport serves the area well, which lies just 19km outside of the city center. However, many still choose to fly into London Heathrow instead, and take the two hour train from Paddington, which runs every half hour.
Dundee is located on the banks of the River Tay, which flows out into the North Sea, on the East Coast. Sidlaw Hills lays to the North and to the west the Carse of Gowrie. The residential suburbs of Broughty Ferry and Monifieth lie to the East. Dundee is Scotland’s sunniest city with an average of 1400 hours of sunshine per year. Climate is mild and the warmest months are July and August, where temperatures have been known to reach 25°C. January and February are the coldest months, averaging at around 5 to 7°C.
The city of Edinburgh is a historic and cultured city. The area around the city is strikingly beautiful and, therefore, this city is one of the major tourist spots in the United Kingdom. The city has excelled in academic and is the center for three universities and number of colleges. So this is by far the educational hub of Scotland. The city is remembered for its rich history and cultural background, and the city hosts a number of festivals and events to showcase the art and the cultural aspects of the city to the visitors. Among these events and festivals, Edinburgh Festival is world famous and a number of tourists comes to this city to enjoy the extravaganza of the atmosphere, which is simple, electrical during the warm month of August.
The city of Glasgow is located on the River Clyde, and is the most populous city of Scotland. The Glasgow city has a area of 175.1 Sq. Km. The city is situated on a moderately hilly landscape formed by marine deposits and some 180 drumlins. Most of these drumlins are north of the Clyde with their higher sides to the northwest and their tails to the southeast. The city thrived during industrial revolution due to abundance of coal and iron in its area.
Flying to Guernsey shouldn’t be a chore, since there are several airlines who provide services to the area, of which you can fly in and out of the Guernsey International Airport, just located three miles southwest of St. Peter’s Port. There are also several ferry services that provide services to the area: Emeraude Jersey Ferries only explores the trip from Jersey to St, Malo and back, whereas Condor Ferries stops in Portsmouth, Poole, Weymouth, Cherbourg, Guernsey, Jersey and St. Malo. If you decide that you want to visit the island of Sark while visiting Guernsey, you’ll need to hop on the Isle of Sark Shipping Company’s ferry. Also, not that Sark has outlawed all motorized transport, so the only ways to get around are by foot, bike, or horse carriage.
Inverness is the northernmost part of Scotland, and the city is unconventionally beautiful. Another name, with which this place is known as, is “capital of the Highlands” and “gateway to the Highlands”. What is famous about Inverness is that it offers something to everybody who chooses to come here. And this famous notion is one of the main reasons people come here to spend the time! Tourists come here and enjoy climbing the hills, riding bikes; water rafting and many more things that bind them here for more and more time.
Manchester is the ninth largest city in the UK and is often regarded as the second city of the nation, which lies at the heart of a large conurbation called Greater Manchester. The name, “Manchester” comes from Mamucium and ceaster, derived from the old Latin “Castra” – meaning “fortification”. Known as the capital of the north, Manchester is one of England’s leading cities and is often known as the town that started the industrial revolution.
Orkney is a group of islands situated a few miles off the north-east tip of mainland Scotland and one of the 32 unitary council regions in Scotland, which forms a traditional county and Lieutenancy area.. Its green fields and hills, stone pinnacles rising out of the sea, rugged cliffs and sandy beaches are a sight to for all travellers. Orkney consists of about 200 small islands 16 km north of Caithness in northern Scotland with administrative capital is Kirkwall on The Mainland. Population is about 7,000. The Pentland Firth separates Orkney from the mainland of Scotland.
Stirling, the county town of Stirlingshire, is the ancient capital of Scotland situated at the very heart of the nation. Stirling derived its name from the Scottish Gaelic, “Sruighlea” and is perhaps the most historic city in Scotland. The famous patriot, Sir William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce, who led the famous Battle of Bannockburn, were commemorated here in Sterling.
Yorkshire is the largest traditional county of northern England. In 1974, Yorkshire was divided into the non-metropolitan counties of Humberside, Cleveland, North Yorkshire, and partially into the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire. North Yorkshire is the largest of the new counties, which included the old county town of York. However, the new county town of North Yorkshire is Northallerton.